Charles V and the Ottomans
Professor Emeritus, University of Wales, Bangor,
Hon Member History Faculty, University of Oxford
ISBN 978 1 85944 240 1 £4.99
When Charles V became Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 Hungary stood as a buffer between Christendom and the Infidel but Hungary was virtually destroyed at the Battle of Mohacs in 1526.
What remained was in the hands of Charles’ brother, Ferdinand but given the demands of the rest of his lands, the Emperor was unable to provide adequate support. In addition the power of Venice in the Adriatic had declined leaving Italy vulnerable to Muslim attacks. Charles had the occasional short-lived success but when France made an alliance with the Ottomans in the 15140s, allowing their fleets to winder at Marseilles, then for Charles, Christendom had been betrayed.
He abdicated in 1556 and bequeathed naval warfare in the Mediterranean to his son,
Philip II who had a great victory at the battle of Lepanto –
more famous than decisive under
the command of Don John of Austria. There is no doubt that in the confrontation between Christendom
and the Ottomans in the sixteenth century that the Ottomans won on points.
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